top of page

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) holds its seat of court in The Hague (Netherlands). The Charter of the United Nations established the ICJ in June of 1945. The ICJ is the main judicial organ of the United Nations. It has dual jurisdiction, which means that it gives advisory opinions on legal questions, at the request of the United Nations, to States, and also decides disputes of a legal nature. The ICJ court functions and is organized by the Statute and the Rules of the Court, which were made by the court. The ICJ that mainly debates the legality of certain issues, and has no jurisdiction to punish nations, but only interpret legal documents. In the court, only States are eligible to appear before the contentious case. The court is composed of a defendant, a respondent and the panel of judges. Both the Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly elect its 15 judges for nine-year periods. In order for the court to make the best-informed decision, the advocates defend their nation and try to expose as much evidence to the court as possible, including witnesses, testimonies, among others.


Question of the delimitation of the continental shelf between Nicaragua and Colombia beyond 200 Nautical miles from the Nicaraguan coast.

bottom of page